Healthcare in the United States today is very expensive compared to other countries, and there is an ongoing debate about “Healthcare For All”. Lets see all the Pros and Cons of a Universal Health Care system.
1. Of course, everyone is covered and no need to buy health insurance anymore. More than 45 million Americans do not have health insurance will have it under the Universal Health Care system.
2. Healthier overall society, number of people dying due to lack of treatment reduces drastically. ex: Lifespan of Canadians is longer than Americans.
3. Cost of treatment goes down, because in a private system costs are substantially inflated. Government healthcare system is more regulated and cost of treatment for various conditions is pretty much fixed. It is overall a more effective model and no headaches of dealing with private insurance. Same standard of service for everyone at a low cost.
4. Removes the disparity, everyone has the same insurance plan, irrespective of his social status.
5. Companies do not have to worry about providing health insurance to their employees and focus completely on running their business. This also encourages entrepreneurship. This could reduce employer labor costs by about 10%.
6. Health care costs are the number one reason of bankruptcy in America, this problem disappears.
7. Eliminates the administrative costs for doctors as well as they have to deal with only one government agency rather than 10 different insurance companies with varying policies and plans.
8. It simplifies the whole system. Leads to more economic productivity.
9. It promotes a good health care for children and treatments can be done at an initial state before they become chronic. Reduce the spread of infectious diseases.
1. Higher taxes. Rich pay for the health-care of poor. Healthier people pay for those who need regular treatment. People with chronic diseases like the diabetes and heart disease are huge burden on the system. Sickest people consume half of the healthcare costs and healthiest 50% people consume only 3% of the cost.
2. Longer wait times for physician appointments and procedures, emergency rooms start getting misused and overcrowded.
3. Amount of money a doctor can make is pretty much dictated by the policies of the government. Both an excellent and a mediocre doctor make nearly the same amount of money. Less competition means less innovation.
4. Dental and Vision are generally not covered (or not fully covered) under Universal Health Care.
5. People are less careful about their health as there is no financial impact. .
6. Health care costs overwhelm government budgets. Creates socialism and more government debt.
7. Doctors are often assigned more patients than they can legitimately handle, which can deteriorate the accuracy of patient care.
8. Medicine becomes a less attractive career choice. Cost of becoming a doctor is very high. Doctors often carry large student loans. Additionally, it takes nearly a decade of hard-core education and training before one starts practicing. Since their income is capped under Universal Health Care, it will take longer for them to pay off their student loans, and force young doctors to lead a more frugal life for a long time.
9. Innovation can fall behind when compared to a free-market system. This also creates a shortage of specialty doctors in the long run.
10. May restrict access to certain procedures or medications. These systems might choose palliative care over life-saving measures.
11. Smokers, Alcoholics and Drug Addicts, receive the same treatment, even though their conditions are self-induced.
12. Many dual citizens will work in another country all their life but return for free treatment when they need a long term care.
13. USA has too many senior citizens. For years to come the average age of our population will keep rising. There will be lesser people who will contribute in the system verses who will land up using it.
14. Systems are never perfect. Doctors, their families, their close friends of doctors and some influential people are often able to get quicker treatment due to mutual understanding within them.
15. It will lead to mass layoffs for millions of Americans connected to medical insurance directly and indirectly.